This indicator refers to the prevention of negative impacts of the project on the biodiversity and protected ecosystems. Biodiversity is defined as “the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems”. Ecosystem is “a dynamic complex of plant, animal and micro-organism communities and their non-living environment interacting as a functional unit”. The indicator considers project location and assessment of the potential impacts on protected habitats.
Is the facility constructed in protected/designated areas, on protected habitats or on habitats of protected species?
What is the category of the protected area?
Is the facility constructed within 500 meters from protected/designated areas, protected habitats or habitats of protected species?
What impact does the facility have on protected/designated areas or habitats?
Facility located further that 500 m from protected/designated areas, protected habitats or habitats of protected species
No impact on critical habitats
Small impact on critical habitats
Medium impact on critical habitats
High impact on critical habitats
Deterioration of the characteristics and values that have designated the area or habitat as protected
Facility located in a protected area of I or II category
Sources of information:
EBRD. 2014. Environmental and Social Policy.
United Nations. 1992. Convention on Biological Diversity.
The Protected Areas Law, No.2456-XII of 16 June 1996.