Cooling Water Source

Applies to: CHP Plant


This indicator refers to the minimisation of negative impacts of water use for cooling purposes. Generally, sources of cooling water are surface waters and groundwater. Water from municipal supply systems is rarely used. The indicator considers the source and characteristics of the water used for cooling.


What is the source of cooling water?


Water not suitable for human consumption

Water suitable but not used for human consumption

Surface waters or groundwater used for human consumption

Sources of information:

European Commission. 2006. Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Reference Document on Best Available Techniques for Large Combustion Plants. EBRD. 2014. Environmental and Social Policy.

FAO. 2011. Cooling water for energy generation and its impact on national-level water statistics.