Indicators

Indicators provide standardized metrics to guide the sustainability assessment of bioenergy projects for two defined pathways: the crop residue and livestock residue pathways. Indicators evaluate critical issues - using questions calling for numeric or multiple choice answers - for each bioenergy project component. They are divided in three categories: environmental, social and economic. The tool focuses on the environmental performance of projects, identifying and evaluating critical issues for each type of feedstock and pathway component. Social and environmental indicators are used to assess the performance of projects against EBRD's Environmental and Social Policy for a series of important issues related to this type of projects. Finally, economic indicators are used to assess risks during project implementation. The tool's grading system has four levels: Excellent, Moderate, Poor and Not acceptable, plus two additional options, Not applicable and No data available.

Environmental Indicators

Crop Residue (CR) pathway

Chapter: Atmosphere

Subchapter: GHG Emissions

Transport GHG Emissions
Pellet/Briquettes Plant RES Consumption
CHP Plant RES Consumption

Subchapter: Air Quality

Dust Emissions from Field Storage
Dust Emissions from Storage I Facility
Transport Air Pollution
Transport Dust Emissions
Storage II Dust Emissions Abatement Practices
Fuel Used for Feedstock Drying
Pellet/Briquettes Plant Particles Emission Abatement Practices
CHP Plant Particles Emission Abatement Practices
NOx Emissions Abatement Practices
SOx Emissions Abatement Practices
Air Emissions Values

Chapter: Water

Subchapter: Water Use

Plant Cooling System
Cooling Water Source
Water Use Minimisation Practices
Water Resources Effects

Subchapter: Water Quality

Fertiliser Use
Field Storage Leaching
Storage I Wastewaters
Storage II Wastewaters
Wastewater Management
Wastewater Emissions

Chapter: Biodiversity

Protected Areas, Habitats and Species

Chapter: Land Cover/Land Use

Feedstock Production
Facility Location
Vegetation Clearance for Roads
Plant Construction
Soil Quality
Soil Erosion Prevention Practices
Nutrients Loss Prevention Practices
Soil Condition Effects

Chapter: Waste

Construction Waste
Non-hazardous Waste
Hazardous Waste

Chapter: Energy Efficiency

Mode of Transport
Transport Load Size
Energy utilisation

Chapter: Material Efficiency

Ash Management

Chapter: Noise

Transportation Route
Storage Noise Emission Abatement Measures
Plant Noise Emission Abatement Measures
Noise Emission Value

Livestock Residue (LSR) pathway

Chapter: Atmosphere

Subchapter: GHG Emissions

N2O Emissions Abatement Practices
Fuel Used
Silage Mode of Transport
Manure Storage Time
Manure Transport
Biogas Plant RES Consumption
Feedstock Used
Plant Characteristics
NH3 Emissions Abatement Practices
VOC Emissions Abatement Practices
Transport Distance
Transport Dust Emissions
Storage Characteristics
Storage Cover
Manure Transport Air Emissions
Air Emissions Abatement Practices
Air Emissions Values
Odour Emissions

Chapter: Water

Subchapter: Water Use

Irrigation Practices
Diluting Factor

Subchapter: Water Quality

Nutrient Leaching and Runoff
Nitrogen Application
Storage Characteristics
Silage Dry Matter Content
Silage Effluent Storage Capacity
Silage Effluent Discharge Practices
Silage Effluent Application
Silage Effluent Storage
Water Pollution Plans
Construction Material
Manure Storage Wastewaters
Manure Storage Management
Solid Manure Storage Characteristics
Wastewater Management
Wastewater Emissions
Digestate Storage
Digestate Application

Subchapter: Land Cover/Land Use

Silage Production
Facility Location
Vegetation Clearance for Roads
Plant Construction

Subchapter: Soil

Good Agricultural Practices

Chapter: Biodiversity

Protected Areas, Habitats and Species

Chapter: Waste

Construction Waste
Non-hazardous Waste
Hazardous Waste

Chapter: Energy Efficiency

Fuel Consumption
Transport Load Size
Manure Transport Efficiency
Energy utilisation
Digestate Transport

Chapter: Material Efficiency

Mineral Fertiliser Use
Digestate Use
Silage Use

Chapter: Noise

Silage Transportation Route
Silage Storage Noise Emission Abatement Measures
Manure Transportation Route
Noise Abatement Measures
Noise Emission Value

Social Indicators

Social indicators are based on the EBRD’s Environmental and Social Policy which aims at the promotion of environmentally sound and sustainable development in its investment and technical cooperation activities. The most relevant social requirements for projects covered by the tool were identified and adapted. List of social indicators is similar for Crop residue and Livestock residue pathway and associated components as they mainly focus on the social performance of a company in general or social impacts that are of importance for each project component. However, there are certain differences within a pathway, between the components, in the sense that some questions are only applicable to specific components.

Chapter: Assessment and Management od Social Impacts and Issues

Environmental and Social Coverage
Social Management System
Supply Chain Management

Chapter: Labour and Working Conditions

Human Resources Policies
National Regulation
Written Terms and Conditions of Employment
Child Labour
Forced Labour
Female Workers
Employees and Stakeholders Complaints

Chapter: Health and Safety

Risks Identification
Incidents Records
Compliance with Relevant Regulation
Targets
Health Insurance
Health and Safety Training
Machinery Operation Training
Fire and Explosion Prevention
Toxic Gases
Pathogen Contamination
Transportation Safety
Physical Accidents
Compliance with Health and Safety Standards
Local Communities
Community Health and Safety Risk Assessment
Contractor’s Performance

Chapter: Land Acquisition, Involuntary Resettlement and Economic Displacement

Impacts on Households
Alternative Project Solutions
Compensation
Displacement of Assets
Stakeholder Engagement
Monitoring System

Chapter: Indigenous People

Impact on Indigenous People

Chapter: Cultural Heritage

Impact on Cultural Heritage

Chapter: Information Disclosure and Stakeholder Engagement

Public Information Policy
Current Practices and Procedures
Dealing with Complaints
Public Complaints
Community Investment

Chapter: Feedstock Use

Feedstock Displacement
Land Use

Economic Indicators

The objective of the tool was not to assess economic viability of projects, although main economic parameters are included in initial questions. The focus of the economic part is placed on the main risks associated with this type of bioenergy projects that should be considered not to impede implementation and operation of a project. Economic indicators are only applicable for Pellet/Briquette Plant, CHP Plant or Biogas Plant components. Hence, if these components are not selected, the economic part of the assessment will not be screened.

Chapter: Risk Management

Storage Capacity
Silage Storage
Contract Duration
Type of Contract

Summary

Annex

Target countries of the overall FAO/EBRD project “Supporting Public and Private Sector Capacities in Sustainable Agricultural and Bioenergy Investments” were Egypt, Turkey and Ukraine. Therefore, in the case that a project is located in one of these countries, some indicators were adjusted or added to incorporate specifics of the national regulations.

Egypt

Crop residue pathway

Air Emission Values
Air Emission Values
Wastewater Emissions
Noise Emission Value

Livestock residue pathway

Wastewater Emissions
Noise Emission Value

Turkey

Crop residue pathway

Air Emission Values
Facility Location
Noise Emission Value

Livestock residue pathway

Air Emission Values
Storage Distance to Residential Areas
Facility Location
Storage Location
Noise Emission Value

Ukraine

Crop residue pathway

Air Emission Values
Protected Areas, Habitats and Species
Noise Emission Value

Livestock residue pathway

Air Emission Values
Storage Distance to Residential Areas
Storage Distance to Livestock Buildings
Storage Location
Protected Areas, Habitats and Species
Noise Emission Value

Unsorted indicators

National Regulation
dust-emissions-from-storage-ii-facility.html
field-storage-leaching.html
nutrients-loss-prevention-practices.html
transportation-route.html