Manure Transport Air Emissions

Applies to: Manure Transport

Description:

This indicator refers to the prevention of negative impacts of air emissions from manure transport on human health and the environment. Transport is one of the main sources of air pollution, especially in urban areas. Key air pollutants emitted from combustion engines in transport include NOx, PM, CO and SOx. The indicator considers mode of transport and transportation distance with the aim to reduce emissions of air pollutants.

Questions:

What is the transportation mode used for transporting manure?

What is farm-to-plant distance of manure?

Rating:

Pipeline

Transportation distance smaller than 1 km

Vacuum tanker with transportation distance up to 10 km

Tractor with transportation distance up to 10 km

Vacuum tanker with transportation longer than 10 km

Tractor with transportation longer than 10 km

Open transport

Sources of information:

Seadi TA. 2000. Danish Centralised Biogas Plants - Plant Descriptions.

European Environment Agency (EEA). 2013. EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2013. Technical guidance to prepare national emission inventories. Exhaust emissions from road transport.